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According to a report generated by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2014, over 400 million people live with diabetes globally.
It is ranked among the diseases with silent and confusing symptoms because one out three of these people don’t know they have it.
Luckily, these symptoms can be busted easily if we pay more attention to our bodies.
We have compiled a list of the common warning signs that you shouldn’t ignore.
Increased rate of Urination
Due to abnormally elevated glucose levels associated with the disease, the kidney starts to work harder to alleviate excess glucose in the blood.
This will lead to increased frequency in urination. It is a common red flag.
Due to increased rate of urination, the body will lose a lot of fluid leading to dehydration.
The body then demands to replenish the lost fluid by making you feel thirsty.
Drastic fluctuations in glucose levels lead to incidences of extremely high or low glucose in the blood.
This means that the cells will be starved of enough glucose so that you will crave for it in the form of hunger.
If you notice you get hungry after two hours of eating, you should probably check your blood sugar level.
Fatigue usually occurs when the body compensates for the lack of glucose in the cells.
Fatigue is often accompanied by irritability and mood swings.
High blood sugar levels affect the eyes by changing the shape of the lens.
As a result, the vision becomes blurry and you will notice occasional flashes.
This symptom is reversible by medication but slowly becomes chronic and unresponsive as the disease progresses.
Elevated blood sugar causes headaches.
It is one of the red flags doctors often use to detect the disease.
The headaches become more rampant as the disease advances.
Wounds that don’t Heal
Wounds that don’t heal are due to the damaged blood vessels which are caused by excessive amounts of sugar in the blood.
Excess sugar damages arteries and veins hindering them from effectively transporting fresh blood to various parts of the body.
Bactria and fungi thrive best on a sugar-laden environment making infections more common in diabetic patients.
One of the common infections associated with the disease is candida.
Numbness and Tingling in Hands and Feet
High sugar levels in the blood cause nerve damage.
This condition is known as neuropathy.
The symptoms include tingling and numbness in arms and feet that can be accompanied by a burning pain.
In case you identify with any of the symptoms, you should rush to a doctor for a thorough check to diagnose or rule out diabetes.